2020 ends with the partial resumption of all iron ore fines operations halted in 2019, which became even more challenging due to the COVID-19 pandemic and the need to adopt measures to protect employees and support communities. Although the pandemic-related impacts and measures reduced productivity in all businesses and postponed, in 2020, the start-up of the new iron ore assets, Vale remains confident to achieve 400 million tpy capacity by the end of 2022.
In 4Q20, Vale resumed Serra Leste and Fábrica sites in iron ore business and resumed Moatize revamp works. The quarter was marked by a strong q/q sales increase in the iron ore (25.9%), copper (15.4%) and nickel (13.6%) businesses.
Vale's iron ore fines production totalled 300.4 million t in 2020, in line with 2019 as a result of the following:
- The resumption of halted operations such as Vargem Grande and Timbopeba.
- S11D ramp up.
- A full year operating the Alegria site.
These positive effects were fully offset by:
- Constraints in tailings disposal in Itabira and Brucutu.
- Delays in opening new mining fronts in Serra Norte.
- COVID-19 impacts.
- A 4-month stoppage of the Fazendão site.
In 4Q20, Vale produced 84.5 million t of iron ore fines, 5% lower than in 3Q20 mainly due to higher rainfall levels and tailings disposal restrictions in Southeastern System.
Considering production restrictions, Vale ended 2020 with 322 million t of production capacity and expects to achieve 350 million t capacity by the end of 2021.
Vale's pellet production totalled 29.7 million t in 2020, 29% lower than in 2019, as a result of lower pellet feed availability from Vale's sites and production adjustments according to market conditions. Vale's pellet production was 7.1 million t in the quarter, down 1.4 million t sequentially due to lower pellet feed availability from Brucutu and Itabira and maintenances in Tubarão 6 pellet plant. In January 2021, Vale resumed Vargem Grande pellet plant operations, halted since February 2019, adding 7 million tpy of pellet plant capacity (from 46.8 million tpy to 53.8 million tpy). Vale's bottleneck for pellet production continues to be the lower pellet feed availability from its operations.
Sales volumes of iron ore fines and pellets totalled 286.1 million t in 2020, 5% below iron ore fines production. In order to supply clients during 2019, Vale drew down its operational inventories, achieving unsustainable low levels. During 2020, Vale needed to rebuild its operational inventories, supporting greater adherence between sales and production in 2021.
In 4Q20, Vale's sales of iron ore fines and pellets reached 91.3 million t with a premium of US$4.3/t3. Vale achieved record sales to China in 4Q20, totalling 64 million t (vs 58 million t in 4Q19).
Production of finished nickel ex-VNC was 183 700 t in 2020, in line with 2019. On the positive side, annual production was supported by:
- Improved performance of 9300 t from Onça Puma, with a full operating year, after receiving judicial authorisation to resume mine and processing activities in September 2019.
- Increased source ore from Indonesia of 3400 t due to stable operations throughout the year.
COVID-19 impacts estimated to have trimmed annual production by 7300 t across all of the company’s base metals operations and the biennial broader-scope scheduled maintenance at Canada operations, which reduced production by 4900 t. In 4Q20, production totalled 55 900 t, 19% higher than 3Q20, explained by stronger production rates after maintenance works rescheduled from 1H20 to 3Q20 across nickel operations.
Copper production reached 360 100 t in 2020, 5.5% lower than 2019, mainly as a result of:
- 35 300 t lower production from COVID-19 impacts, which include the decision to minimise the contingent of workers on site, travel restrictions and disruptions in the supply chain, increase in absenteeism levels and infrastructure and equipment maintenance delays.
- 10 800 t reduction from limited Canadian mill production due to lower mining rates.
These decreases were partially offset by 22 200 t higher production from strong performance in Sossego, which had increased mill processing rates and higher copper grades. In 4Q20, production totalled 93 500 t, 7% higher than 3Q20, mostly due to stronger production rates across Brazil and Canada operations.
Coal business resumed its maintenance activities in November, which are expected to be completed during 1Q21, followed by the commissioning activities of new and revamped equipment. Mine and plant ramp-up should start by 2Q21 until the end of 2021. It is worth expecting to achieve a production run-rate of 15 million tpy in 2H21.
Read the article online at: https://www.worldcoal.com/mining/09022021/vale-releases-2020-production-and-sales-report/
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