Coal still plays a fundamental role in providing baseload electricity and acting as a critical building block for many economies.
In the first of World Coal Association’s (WCA) snapshot series exploring coal’s role in countries across the globe, WCA takes a look at Japan – the third largest economy in the world and home to more than 120 million people.
Key energy facts
- Given the size of its economy and advanced manufacturing sectors, Japan remains the world’s fifth largest energy consumer.
- In 2017, fossil fuels made up 92% of the country’s energy demand.
- In 2017, coal was the second largest source of electricity accounting for 33% of total generation.
- Japan’s 2018 Basic Energy Plan recognises coal as an important, reliable and low cost baseload power source.
- Japan has 20 GW of new coal-fired ultra-supercritical (USC) capacity already planned or under construction.
Low carbon technology leadership
- As part of its climate pledge, Japan has committed to a 26%-reduction in greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by 2030.
- Japan has some of the most advanced power plants in the world. Unit 2 at J-POWER’s Isogo thermal power plant has a gross thermal efficiency of 45%.
- The Japanese government intends to support the deployment of high efficiency low emission (HELE) coal technologies overseas.
- Since 2008, the country has engaged in several activities to promote carbon capture use and storage (CCUS): the large-scale Tomakomai demonstration project; various R&D projects; and surveys for potential CO2 storage sites.
- The Basic Energy Plan promotes the development and deployment of low carbon technologies including CCUS and IGCC to meet GHG national emissions targets.
Read the article online at: https://www.worldcoal.com/power/22052019/japan-in-focus/